Vertigo is a specific type of dizziness characterized by a sensation of spinning or rotation. It is often described as feeling like the room is spinning around you. Vertigo is typically caused by inner ear problems, such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) or Meniere’s disease. Dizziness, on the other hand, is a more general term that can refer to various sensations, such as lightheaded, unsteadiness, or fainting. Dizziness can be caused by a wide range of factors, including low blood sugar, dehydration, certain medications, and heart or circulation problems.